The Sunderland Association Football Club is an English professional football club, founded on October 17, 1879 in the city of Sunderland in Tyne and Wear in the northeast of England and plays in the English Football League One (the third category of the League of Leagues soccer of England). Since its founding, it has been considered by record and history as the best team in the northeast of England.

Sunderland won 6 English League championships (1892, 1893, 1895, 1902, 1913 and 1936), and finished as runner-up on five occasions, a record only surpassed by five other clubs. The club has won 2 Cups of England (1937 and 1973) -a competition known as FA Cup in English-, and has been runner-up on two other occasions (1913 and 1992). He has won aEnglish Supercup -competition known as Community Shield- in 1936, being runner-up of the same the following year. Sunderland was a finalist of the League Cup in 1985 and 2014, losing to Norwich City and Manchester City respectively.

After a period of success at the end of the 19th century, with several league titles, he won his first FA Cup in 1937 with a 3-1 triumph against Preston North End, and remained in the top flight for 68 successive seasons. After the Second World War, the most important title was the FA Cup in 1973, when the club defeated Leeds United 1-0. During this period the club obtained five titles of second category and one of the third.

Sunderland plays its home games at the Stadium of Light, with a capacity of 49,000 spectators since 1997, after leaving the former Roker Park. The original capacity of the stadium was 42,000 spectators, but it was increased to the current capacity in the year 2000. The club maintains a great rivalry with Newcastle United, with whom it disputes the ‘derby of Tyne-Wear since 1898. After ascending to the highest category in 2007, it became one of the richest football clubs in the world, being valued at USD $ 93 million in 2014, being the 31st most valued in the world in general and the 10th in England.

Founded on October 17, 1879 as Sunderland & District Teachers Association by the teacher and footballer James Allan, Sunderland joined the Football League in the 1890-91 season. He replaced Stoke City, which had not been reelected for that season, note 1 becoming the first club to join the league since its inauguration in 1888, replacing one of the original members of the Football League. , William McGregor, founder of the Football League, called the club “The Team of All Talents” -translation: The team of all talents-, after defeating Aston Villa 7-2, Sunderland won the championship of the league in the 1891-92 season, one season after joining the Football League. The club reached the sum of 42 points, surpassing by five points the runner-up, Preston North End. The Times newspaper described the team as “a team of wonder.” Sunderland successfully defended the title in the following season, highlighting the performance of striker John Campbell, who reached the mark of 30 goals for the second consecutive season. At the end of the season, Sunderland scored a total of 100 goals – record goals at the time for that competition – unmatched record until the 1919-20 season, when West Bromwich Albion set a new record

Sunderland came close to winning a third consecutive title in the 1893-94 season, finishing runners-up behind Aston Villa. However, in the following season, the club won its third league championship (1894-95), relegating Everton to the second place by five points. After winning the English League Championship, Sunderland played against Heart of Midlothian, winner of the Scottish League championship – called at that time Scottish Division One – of that same season. The match was described as the Decisive World Football Championship Match, Sunderland won by 5-3, and was proclaimed as “world champion”. At the local level, the club finished in second place in the league. season 1897-98, behind Sheffield United, that was the last season he played at the Newcastle Road stadium, as the club went on to play at Roker Park. After finishing second in the 1900-01, Sunderland was crowned league champion for the fourth time the following season, with 3 points ahead of Everton

In 1904 the board of directors of Sunderland was involved in a scandal for the payment of the player Andrew McCombie. The club claimed that he would have given the player £ 100 (£ 9.6 thousand today) to help him start his own business, on the understanding that he would later return the money in a benefit match. However, McCombie refused to return the money, claiming it had been a gift. An investigation by the Football Association concluded that the money given to McCombie was part of a bonus for a re-signing of players. This violated the rules of the Association. Sunderland was fined £ 250 (£ 24.1 thousand today), and six directors were suspended for two and a half years for failing to show a true record of the club’s financial dealings. Sunderland manager Alex Mackie was also suspended for three months for his involvement in the matter.

On December 5, 1908, Sunderland earned its biggest historic victory by league in the derby against Newcastle United. The match finished 9-1; Billy Hogg and George Holley scored one hat trick each, the club won the league again in 1913.17 but lost their first FA Cup final 1-0 to Aston Villa, in a very tough defeat, as this he did not allow the club to get the double.19 Football activity in England was suspended after the First World War. After the end of the war, football was resumed, and Sunderland could have a competitive team during the 1920s, finishing runner-up in the First Division 1922-23, behind Liverpool, and third to the following season, four points from the top However, the club was saved from descending by a point in 1927-28, despite 35 goals by David Halliday.

The point of salvation was obtained in the game against Middlesbrough, and the club finished in fifteenth position, while Halliday improved his record with 43 goals in 42 games the following season, an absolute record of 23 goals scored in a single season in the history of the single-player club

The club’s sixth league title came in the 1935-36 season, and it won its first FA Cup the following season, beating the Preston North End 3-1 at the former Wembley Stadium. The club usually finished in the middle of the league table, and with regular performances in the FA Cup. Both competitions were suspended after the outbreak of World War II. Some football competitions were organized as a way to maintain the morale of football in the country, including the Football League War Cup. Sunderland was finalists in the tournament in 1942, but were defeated in that instance by Wolverhampton Wanderers.

Financially, Sunderland made large expenditures in hiring players once the Second World War ended. The club paid £ 18,000 (£ 568 thousand today) in January 1949 for Ivor Broadis, who was then at Carlisle United.Broadis was also Carlisle manager at the time, and this is the first case of transferring a player himself to another club. This, together with the high transfer rates to ensure the services of Len Shackleton and the Welsh international Trevor Ford, made the club nicknamed “Bank of England club” The club finished third in the First Division in 1950, its highest position after the 1936 title.

The end of the 1950s saw a strong footballing decline of Sunderland, and the club was involved in a new financial conflict in 1957. The club was found guilty of making payments to players who exceed the maximum salary, and the club was fined with £ 5,000 (£ 108,000 today). Its board of directors were suspended and its president and three directors.The following year, Sunderland fell for the first time after 68 years in the highest category.

The absence of Sunderland in the top category lasted six years. In the 1962-63 season, Sunderland needed only a draw in their last game against Chelsea – who was also fighting for the promotion – who had to play another game after that. However, Sunderland lost that match, and Chelsea won their last game 7-0, beating Sunderland in second place by goal difference, and after being close to promotion, the club promoted to First Division in 1964, after finishing in the second position. Sunderland defeated Charlton Athletic on the penultimate day, earning the promotion with a date of anticipation, and a few years later, he went down to the Second Division for the second time after finishing 21st in the 1969-70 season.

Sunderland won its last official title in 1973, after defeating Don Revie’s Leeds United 1-0 in the FA Cup Final, led by Bob Stokoe. Being a team that played in the Second Division,Sunderland won the game thanks to the great work of goalkeeper Jimmy Montgomery, who saved two Leeds goal situations in a row, including a very powerful shot from Peter Lorimer. Porterfield scored a volley in the 30th minute to beat Leeds and win the title.39 Since 1973, only Southampton in 1976, and West Ham United in 1980, they managed to win the FA Cup without being in the highest category of football English.

By winning the FA Cup, Sunderland qualified for the Recopa de Europa, the club’s only international participation so far. Sunderland defeated Hungary’s Vasas Budapest 3-0 on aggregate and was subsequently eliminated by Sporting Lisbon in the second round. He won the first game 2-1 at Roker Park, but lost 2-0 in the return, finishing with a 3-2 aggregate score, and after staying for six seasons in the second category, Sunderland promoted to First Division. in the 1975-76 season, after finishing top of that championship with three points ahead of Bristol City, however, Sunderland fell again in the following season, without Bob Stokoe as manager, who had resigned due to problems with health at the start of the season The club celebrated its centenary in the 1979-80 season with an exhibition match against a team made up of former players of the England national football team.

Sunderland reached its first League Cup final in 1985, finishing as runner-up after losing 1-0 to Norwich City, and in 1987, the club fell to the lowest point in its history by descending to the Third Division. Under the new president Bob Murray and the technical management of new manager Denis Smith, the club climbed in the following season, and in 1990, the club rose again to the top flight, with their promotion in unusual circumstances. Sunderland lost to Swindon Town in the final of the promotion play-offs, but the promotion to Swindon was revoked, as he was found guilty of financial irregularities of the club and Sunderland was promoted in his place. Sunderland in this division lasted only one season, as the club descended to the Second Division in the following season.

Subsequently, the club reached a new FA Cup final in 1992, being a team of the Second Division, as in 1973. However, that feat was not repeated, and Sunderland lost 2-0 to Liverpool. From the 1990s, a turbulent period began for the club.

In 1995, the club was close to falling back into the third division, Peter Reid was hired as manager, and his driving time was described as a “stabilizing effect”; remaining in office for seven years, after achieving promotion to the Premier League in the 1995-96 season, Sunderland played his first season in the Premier League, but finished in 18th place, which led to First Division In 1997, the club stopped playing its home games at Roker Park, after 99 years. Former player Len Shackleton, having fond memories of the stadium, declared “There will never be another stadium like Roker Park.” The club moved to the Stadium of Light, with a capacity of 42,000 people, which, at the time, was the largest stadium built in England after World War 2. The capacity was later increased to 49,000 spectators. On the playing field, Sunderland returned to the Premier League to be crowned First Division champion in 1999 with a record of 105. The 1999-00 season began at Stamford Bridge against Chelsea, with a loss of 4 However, later in the season, in the second game between the two, Sunderland avenged their defeat by beating Chelsea 4-1 at the Stadium of Light and also, Sunderland managed to defeat Newcastle United in the Derby. At St James’ Park, something that caused the resignation of Newcastle coach Ruud Gullit. At the end of the season, Sunderland finished in seventh place in the standings, also highlighting the performance of Kevin Phillips, who won the Golden Boot in his first season in the top flight, scoring 30 goals.

Another season finished in a seventh place was preceded by two seasons with poor results, and the club again fell to the second category with a negative record of 19. Former coach of the Irish national football team Mick McCarthy took over as manager and, in 2005, achieved a new title in the second category, the third in ten years, however, again the Sunderland had a short stay in the Premier League, and with a negative record of only 15 points, the club descended for the third time since the creation of the same in 1992, becoming a “yo-yo club” – a colloquial term referring to a team of constant ascent / descent. McCarthy resigned in the middle of the season due to poor results, and was temporarily replaced by former club player Kevin Ball, and the negative Sunderland point record was later overtaken by Derby County in the 2007-08 season, which ended with eleven points.

After the decline of the Premier League in 2006, the club was acquired by the Irish entrepreneurial group Drumaville Consortium, led by former Niall Quinn player, who appointed former Manchester United captain Roy Keane as the new manager. With Keane, the club achieved a great comeback in the second part of the season; with an unbeaten streak of 17 games he gained promotion to the Premier League, and finally won the title after defeating Luton Town at Kenilworth Road on May 6, 2007.

After the promotion, the state of the team improved notably with respect to his last season in the Premier League, finishing 15th with 39. After an inconsistent start in the 2008-09 season, Keane resigned, so he was replaced by the coach. Ricky Sbragia as interim until the end of the season. After retaining Sunderland in the Premier League, Sbragia resigned from his position as an Institutional, Irish-born American tycoon Ellis Short completed a full acquisition of the club, replacing the Drumaville Consortium. He hired Steve Bruce as manager on June 3

In the following years, Sunderland managed to find a stability in the top category, moving away from the relegation places in the three subsequent seasons, finishing 13th, 10th and 13th, respectively. In the 2013-14 season, Sunderland was last in December 2013, and despite progressing in the League Cup of England, after losing 5-1 to Tottenham Hotspur, coach Gus Poyet said they needed “a miracle” to stay in the category. Sunderland won four of the last five games, and with a win against West Bromwich Albion, the club remained in the top flight. He played the final of the League Cup of England 2013-14, where he lost 3-1 to Manchester City.

In the 2014-15 season, on October 8, 2014, he received his worst win in 32 years, losing 8-0 to Southampton, and losing 0-4 to Aston Villa, Poyetwas fired. Dick Advocaat assumed, and got the salvation after tying 0-0 against Arsenal.